Bath Salts is a name for a group of similar substances known as “cathinones” which are a class of stimulants that creates aggression and hallucinations in users. They are chemically made from a drug found in the Khat plant, a shrub from East Africa and southern Arabia. These drugs are sold as “Jewelry Cleaner,” “Plant Food,” “Phone Screen Cleaner,” and are labeled “Not for Human Consumption” in order to sell it legally. They come in small foil or plastic packages that usually contain white, off-white, brown or yellow crystalline powder. It may also be sold in tablets or capsules or even as a liquid in small jars.
Some of the brand names that these synthetic cathinones are sold under are:
- Cloud Nine
- Lunar Wave
- Vanilla Sky
- White Lightening
- Ivory Wave
- Red Dove
- Blue Silk
Bath salts were being sold in convenience stores and head shops until federal laws banned most of the chemicals that are used to make them back in July of 2012. However, street chemists are still creating these designer drugs and making them available to buy off the streets.
How are Bath Salts Used?
Bath salts are taken in different ways. Users may swallow it by wrapping it in cigarette paper which is referred to as “bombing” it. They can also snort, smoke or inject it and even mix it with food and a drink. Some users inhale it using a vaporizer or take it rectally.
Bath Salts Effects
Bath salts have been known to cause violent, psychotic and life-threatening episodes to users. There are horrific and sad stories of users who have committed murder and suicide and other violent behaviors under the influence of bath salts. There are also stories of users throwing their self against walls or on the floor or even stripping naked and running through the streets.
When a person uses bath salts, he or she may experience euphoria, energy, agitating effects, paranoia, hallucinations, chest pain, high blood pressure, suicidal thinking or behavior. Theses effects may last up to three hours.
Other bath salts effects may include:
- Skin rash
- Skin-crawling sensation
- Lowered inhibition
- Teeth grinding
- Sexual dysfunction
- Panic attacks
- Rapid involuntary movement
Danger of Using Bath Salts
In 2011, there were almost 23,000 emergency room visits in the United States that were linked to the use of bath salts. 16% of the patients that were sent to the emergency room because of bath salts abuse were in critical condition or died.
The potency of bath salts is often unpredictable and has led to many overdoses. Users can suffer from breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, kidney or liver failure, dehydration, loss of bowel control, heart attack, stroke, rhabdomyolysis, irreversible brain damage or even death.
Are Bath Salts Addictive?
Bath salts are highly addictive and one of the most addictive drugs around. More so than cocaine and methamphetamine. Users may experience intense physical and mental cravings and withdrawal symptoms when they stop using them. These cravings and withdrawal symptoms may drive them back to use again in order to find relief.
Withdrawal symptoms may include:
Signs and Symptoms of Bath Salts Abuse
A person who has been using bath salts may appear paranoid, agitated, anxious or jittery. They may even become aggressive and attack others. Pepper spray, stun guns and other means to stop them may have no effect.
Other signs and symptoms of bath salts abuse include:
- Rapid heart rate
- Panic attacks
- Suicidal thoughts
- Lack of appetite
- Self mutilation
- Increased body temperature or chills
How to Help Someone Who Is Abusing Bath Salts
If you suspect that your loved one may be abusing bath salts, then call Narconon Fresh Start immediately to get the help that is needed. Not only can serious mental and physical damage occur rapidly, but other lives are also at risk.
Call 855-734-2223 today to see how the Narconon Fresh Start program can help remove drug residues from the body that can drive cravings. Also find out how the Narconon Fresh Start program can help your loved one regain control over his or her life and stay drug-free.